6 Pages
6Pages write-ups are some of the most comprehensive and insightful I’ve come across – they lay out a path to the future that businesses need to pay attention to.
— Head of Deloitte Pixel
At 500 Startups, we’ve found 6Pages briefs to be super helpful in staying smart on a wide range of key issues and shaping discussions with founders and partners.
— Thomas Jeng, Director of Innovation & Partnerships, 500 Startups
6Pages is a fantastic source for quickly gaining a deep understanding of a topic. I use their briefs for driving conversations with industry players.
— Associate Investment Director, Cambridge Associates
In-Kind Partners
500 Startups
Used at top MBA programs including
Stanford Graduate School of Business
University of Chicago Booth School of Business
Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania
Kellogg School of Management at Northwestern University
Reading Time Estimate
7 min read
Listen on:
Apple PodcastsSpotifyGoogle Podcasts
1. LinkedIn’s Marketplaces for freelancers – coming this fall
  • The Marketplaces offering hopes to tap into a growing gig economy that was boosted by the pandemic. According to a Sep 2020 report by freelancing platform Upwork, 36% of the US workforce (59M Americans) had performed freelance work during the previous 12 months – representing $1.2T in annual earnings (up 22% over the prior year). Upwork and Fiverr, the two leading freelance marketplaces, collectively made $563M in revenue on $3.2B in gross volume in 2020 – up 38% from 2019.
  • With freelance marketplaces, however, bigger is not necessarily better. Size can be a barrier to success, given that a high-quality freelancer network is a key differentiator for marketplaces. Networks such as Toptal, CrewScale, Experfy, Braintrust, Paro, and Communo, for instance, have pinned their respective value propositions to an intensive vetting process that can ensure quality. Fiverr and Upwork also have premium services (Fiverr Pro, Expert-Vetted Talent) that incorporate manual screening.
  • How LinkedIn Marketplaces will vet talent is still an open question. While clients will be able to post reviews, that may not be sufficient to ensure quality. Microsoft/LinkedIn will likely seek to apply AI to the screening and recommendation processes, though the heterogeneity of user profiles could prove to be a barrier. Without a differentiated approach to screening/recommendation, it’s unclear what value Marketplaces would offer beyond existing platforms.
  • LinkedIn has long been viewed as underplaying its hand. It has incredible and distinctive assets, with few real competitors (and arguably none) in its core professional-network business. It saw $8.8B in revenue in calendar-year 2020 – which might seem decent until put up against Microsoft’s $153B in the same period. Also, only about 1/3 of LinkedIn’s revenue came from advertising, a pittance compared to Facebook’s $84B or Google’s $147B or even Amazon’s $21B. Furthermore, while LinkedIn has been one of Microsoft’s faster-growing businesses (with 20% revenue growth in FY20), it has not been very profitable.
  • For Microsoft, Marketplaces represents a world of opportunity – with potential tie-ins to its Microsoft 365 productivity suite, Teams collaboration platform, Azure cloud, GitHub code repository, and even its recently-launched Viva employee experience platform. If Marketplaces can tap Microsoft’s enterprise know-how to meet the flexible-talent needs of large companies and fit into their HR and functional workflows, it could be powerful in the marketplace. The real question is whether LinkedIn can execute on the promise.
Our thanks to Janine Leger (On-demand Talent Offering Lead, Deloitte Pixel) for her comments on this piece.
Related Content:
  • Nov 6 2020 (3 Shifts): California’s Prop 22 & Prop 24 set a new tone for the gig economy and data privacy
  • Jan 10 2020 (Brief #19): Uber & the gig economy are facing headwinds
2. Walmart & Amazon team up with SaaS ecommerce platforms
  • Walmart’s partnership with BigCommerce is akin to its Jun 2020 deal with Shopify, in which it agreed to add 1,200 Shopify merchants to Marketplace. Shopify – the leading SaaS ecommerce platform – had a monster year in 2020, driven by the pandemic. Hundreds of thousands of brands/merchants were forced online, with many using Shopify’s tools to sell directly to customers through websites and social platforms. Shopify customers surged from 1M+ at the end of 2019 to 1.7M+ in 2020 – driving 86% revenue growth and 96% GMV (gross merchandise volume) growth last year. Shopify’s explosion is emblematic of the broader adoption of SaaS ecommerce platforms that has emerged from the pandemic – which Walmart is hoping to tap into with its recent deals.
  • Amazon – which saw its share of the ecommerce market drop from 44% in 2019 to 31% in 2020 – is alarmed. On Black Friday, Shopify outperformed Amazon in 3rd-party seller sales ($5.1B to Amazon’s $4.8B). Amazon has lately seen vendors leaving its own marketplace for Shopify – often due to the difference in fees (Amazon typically takes a 30% cut while Shopify charges 2.4-2.9% + $0.30 for payments processing). Amazon felt threatened enough that it created a special task force (“Project Santos”) dedicated to studying Shopify to see if it could copy aspects of its business.
  • The battle to capture 3rd-party sellers – and grow services footprint with them – is still in the early stages. A Nov 2020 McKinsey report found that only 60% of consumer-goods companies felt “even moderately prepared” to capture ecommerce growth opportunities. As more brands look for help as they come online, the heat is on among Shopify, Walmart and Amazon to use whatever levers they can to draw more merchants into their marketplaces, and in turn, attract more consumers. We’ll see them get aggressive and go beyond payments integrations and fulfillment services to lower fees, price subsidies to ensure low prices, and perhaps advertising perks.
  • We will see if the challengers can maintain their momentum vis-à-vis Amazon as pandemic lockdowns subside. Walmart saw a robust 69% growth in ecommerce sales in its most recent quarter, but sales are slowing relative to prior quarters and it has warned of moderating growth in the future. Shopify – whose fate is closely tied to the continued health of the small-business sector – has already warned that sales in 2021 will likely not reach the heights it saw in 2020.
Related Content:
  • Mar 26 2020 (Brief #27): Grocery delivery, ecommerce & the renewal of Walmart
  • Nov 11 2019 (Brief #12): Why Amazon’s recent challenges are rooted in its business model
3. India expands its incentive scheme to attract IT-hardware manufacturers
  • On Wednesday, India approved 5 global and 10 domestic manufacturers for a $1B Production Linked Incentive (PLI) scheme to encourage domestic manufacturing and export of IT hardware such as laptops, tablets, PCs and servers. The scheme offers manufacturers 1-4% of incremental sales of products made in India over the next 4 years (compared to the base year of 2019-2020). The Indian government expects the PLI plan to help India export $33.5B in IT goods.
  • This is the next move in the progression towards a “self-reliant India” with its own high-tech domestic-manufacturing industry that can support its rapidly digitizing population’s needs. In this past week's announcement, the Indian government cited that the country’s $4.6B+ consumer market for laptops and tablets was “largely met through imports” from large global manufacturers. The announcement went on to say that “it is imperative that these companies expand their operations in India.”
  • The IT hardware PLI plan is similar to a $6.6B incentive scheme for mobile-phone manufacturing that was approved in Oct 2020. It builds upon the success of that mobile-phone PLI in attracting manufacturing from companies such as Samsung and Apple – the latter is reportedly planning to start producing its latest iPhone 12 in India as soon as this quarter. The growth of domestic electronics manufacturing – and mobile phones and accessories in particular – even got a mention in the Finance Minister’s annual budget speech earlier this month. A similar PLI is reportedly in the works to boost Indian manufacturing of wearables such as smartwatches.
  • Firms are beginning to recognize that an over-emphasis on short-term financials has left them less prepared for disruptions in their supply chain, from the ongoing pandemic to the recent chip shortages. With global supply chains in the spotlight of late, India is benefitting from the growing wariness about overreliance on Chinese manufacturers.
  • China-India relations, however, continue to sour and supply-chain dynamics between the bordering nations could be adversely affected as a result. For instance, iPhone production in India has seen delays from India limiting its number of visas for Chinese engineers and also asking Apple to use non-Chinese manufacturers. Electronics manufacturers will have to step lightly to avoid getting caught in the middle of the two countries’ growing feud.
Related Content:
  • Oct 9 2020 (3 Shifts): Apple & Samsung shift manufacturing to India, encouraged by a $6.6B incentive scheme
  • Apr 4 2020 (Brief #28): Global supply chains diversify away from China
Disclosure: Contributors have investment interests in Microsoft and Apple. Amazon is a vendor of 6Pages.
Have a comment about this brief or a topic you'd like to see us cover? Send us a note at
All Briefs
See more briefs

Get unlimited access to all our briefs.
Make better and faster decisions with context on far-reaching shifts.
Become a Member
Become a Member
Get unlimited access to all our briefs.
Make better and faster decisions with context on what’s changing now.
Become a Member
Become a Member