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Read by
BCG
500 Startups
Used at top MBA programs including
Stanford Graduate School of Business
University of Chicago Booth School of Business
Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania
Kellogg School of Management at Northwestern University
Summary
  • Stock exchanges globally are facing a transformative moment, with the big US exchanges confronting the most serious challenge to their oligopoly in decades.
  • In the US, there will be 3 new stock exchanges this year seeking to address unmet needs – the Members Exchange backed by nearly all the big banks and trading firms, the Long-Term Stock Exchange focused on long-term value creation, and MIAX Pearl, which will eventually target companies in Latin America.
  • Direct listings – which can now raise capital as of last week – and “blank-check” SPACs (special-purpose acquisition companies) are having their heyday, with the NYSE having the edge in direct listings and the Nasdaq being the exchange of choice for SPACs.
  • Regulators are becoming more active, driving changes around the consolidated public SIP feed and recently launching an SEC-Justice Department investigation into whether exchanges abused their market power to overcharge for data.
  • US-listed Chinese companies may also soon be forced to comply with US audit requirements to maintain their listings, driving a near-term wave of IPOs and secondary listings. Hong Kong and the mainland China exchanges’ modernized technology boards – Shanghai’s STAR Market and Shenzhen’s ChiNext – are lately seeing a frenzy of activity.
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